Strength Through Joy: Consumerism and Mass Tourism in the Third Reich (pdf file)
Based on extensive archival research, this is the first major book on the Nazi leisure and tourism agency, Strength Through Joy (KdF). The Third Reich aimed to unify Germans in preparation for war and the acquisition of “living space.” Strength through Joy became the Nazi regimes most determined attempt to ease the tension between collective goals and individual desires, as well as between guns and butter. Its factory beautification, organized sports, cultural events, and mass tourism, sought to raise the status of workers and integrate them in the nation, while keeping its costs low so that its clientele could afford its programs. Although the motivations of Strength through Joy constituencies often diverged from the Nazi ideal of a united, politicized racial community, KdFs accommodation to consumer expectations made it the regimes most popular institution. KdF mitigated present sacrifices while presenting visions of a prosperous future once “living space” was acquired.
2003060603 (pdf file)